IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF MUSSOLINI

TOUR IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF "IL DUCE"

Rome's 20th-century landmarks and monuments mainly reflect fascism's ambitions and its tragic conclusion in the final years of the war. Many of these are still part of the city's fabric, but not all are signposted. You will learn the history from the March on Rome led by Mussolini and the National Fascist Party  Party on 22nd October 1943 to the fall of the fascism on 25th July 1943.


HIGHLIGHTS

  • Walking tour around the fascinating EUR district 
  • Learn about Benito Mussolini,  the founder of the Italian fascism and visit his residence Villa Torlonia and Il Duce's bunker.
  • Explore Foro Italico, Rome's impressive sports center, and walk through its famous Stadio dei Marmi
  • The tour can be personalized according to your interests and timeframe.
  • Taxi tour or public transport to enjoy a true Roman Adventure


MUSSOLINI'S BALCONY, PIAZZA VENEZIA

As the traffic races round the Piazza Venezia, it is, perhaps, hard to imagine that this was the most sacred of all the places that fascism sought to turn into symbols of its power. Mussolini delivered all his most important speeches, including the declaration of war to Britian and France on 10th June 1940  from its balcony. The balcony has not yet been reopened since July 1943 when Mussolini was arrested by the King Victor Emanuel III.


E.U.R.  ESPOSIZIONE UNIVERSALE ROMA

The EUR quarter,  today is mainly a business district. It was planned to host the Universal Exposition of Rome in 1942 that never took place due to the war. The supreme example of fascist town planning, it features several important public buildings, the most significant of which is the brilliant white Palazzo della Civiltà del Lavoro, or "square colosseum", whose arches symbolise the number of letters in Mussolini's first name and surname. A modernist re-imagining of the symmetrical lines of Roman roads and architecture, the quarter was completed after the war by the same architects who had been commissioned by the dictatorship.


FORO ITALICO

If the EUR is a prime example of fascist modernism, then the Foro Italico (formerly Foro Mussolini) stands as testimony to the regime's romance with ancient Rome. Its continued existence shows more starkly than anything else the survival of the dictatorship's architectural heritage in the contemporary city. With a huge marble obelisk reading Mussolini Dux at the entrance, its pièce de resistance is the Stadio dei Marmi sports stadium which features 60 marble statues of nude muscular.


VILLA TORLONIA

When it comes to actually talking about the history of Rome under Fascism and of Rome under Mussolini personally, there is nowhere like the Villa Torlonia, the place when Mussolini lived from 1925 to 1943, when he was arrested by the King Victor Emmanuel III.

The villa was built between 1797 and the 1860s. The Torlonia family, originally the Tourlonais, were French arrivistes who became wealthy through an exclusive contract to supply uniforms to Italy’s French occupiers during the Napoleonic years and grew richer after 1782 when they opened a bank that catered to the nobility and eventually the Vatican, whichstill has tiesto the bank. The Villa become one of the  Allied headquarters, after the liberation of Rome 4th June 1944 until 1947 when it was abandoned. In 2006 restored to his splendor and open year round for tours. 


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